Technical textiles are also known as smart textiles are a great revolution for the fashion and apparel industry. They are loaded with advanced features, unlike traditional fabrics. Apart from the apparel industry technical textile is an aid for many industries like medical, construction, Aeronautic, Automotive, Marine, and agriculture industry. Below is the list of top 7 technical textiles in the apparel industry:
Kevlar Woven Fabric, mainly denim, is meat to produce safety garments. DuPont Kevlar is used in this fabric to give a blend of high strength and heat resistance. Motor Bike Racing suits; Sports workwear; Glass industry; Steel industry.
Nomex is produced by condensation reaction from the monomers m-phenylenediamine and isophthaloyl chloride. It is sold in both fiber and sheet forms and is used as a fabric where resistance from heat and flame is required. Nomex sheet is actually a calendered paper and made in a similar fashion.
During the last edition of Planet Textiles 2018 event in Canada, Australian technology company Nanollose has launched a microbial cellulose fabric called Nullarbor, derived from natural coconut byproducts: coconut waste.
Fluorocarbons are known to introduce durable water and oil repellency (DWOR) and, as such, they are applied in water- and stain-repellent fabrics for apparel. The combination of water and oil repellency is typical behavior of fluorocarbon products.
5. Plasma Coated Fabric
The textile industry is searching for innovative production techniques to improve the product quality, as well as society requires new finishing techniques working in environmental respect. Plasma surface treatments show distinct advantages because they are able to modify the surface properties of inert materials, sometimes with environment-friendly devices. For fabrics, cold plasma treatments require the development of reliable and large systems.
Treatments on natural, wool and cotton, and on synthetic polymers to improve properties like anti-pilling, dirt-repellent, UV protection.
Schoeller Textil AG, located in Switzerland, recently launched Nanosphere, a fabric with a rough micro-texture that repels water like a lotus leaf. The same brand has also addressed the issue of sweat with a membrane that reacts to temperature and moisture change and allows heat and water vapor to escape.
7. PCMs (phase change materials)
PCMs (phase change materials), which protect components against extreme temperatures, are commonly used. They are applied during the fiber spinning or chemical finishing process. These materials are prevalent in the automotive industry but are also found in products like socks, shoes, apparel, bedding, sleeping bags, and ballistic vests.
Hope the above top 7 technical textiles fabrics used in the apparel industry will excite you to make them in use for your personal use as apparel.