Decrease in forest lands, increase in pollution level, biodiversity loss is a major concern for the environment today. Research from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that an estimated 4.2 to 7 million people die from air pollution worldwide every year. Global warming is a high red alert that the earth faces today. A heatwave in Antarctica saw temperatures rise above 20 degrees for the first time; warnings of advancing permafrost melt in Arctic regions, the Greenland ice sheet melting at an unprecedented rate. In order to avoid damages to the environment 20 Sustainable or eco-friendly habits to adopt by people is way forward to rehabilitate the damages to the environment.
The past 50 years have seen a rapid growth of human consumption, population, global trade, and urbanization, resulting in humanity using more of the Earth’s resources than it can replenish naturally. Studies have shown that the global food system is responsible for up to one-third of all human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, of which 30% comes from livestock and fisheries. Crop production releases greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide through the use of fertilizers.
Do you know a third of the food intended for human consumption- around 1.3 billion tons- is wasted or lost. This is enough to feed 3 billion people? Food waste and loss account for 4.4 gigatons of greenhouse gas emissions annually.
1. Buy eco-friendly products
Eco-friendly products do not have a bad impact on the environment or nature. Most eco-friendly products are bio-degradable and hence do not pollute soil or water. One should always consider products made with harmless material or chemical in it.
2. Boycott brands that aren’t sustainable
Sustainability is the responsibility of everyone. Companies and brands are adopting sustainable products and supply chains. At the end-customer level sustainability may not be a popular word or may not hold importance to him/her but brands producing products in masses need to bring change in product. Boycotting brands may be too harsh but it may send a message for companies to be responsible toward the environment.
3. Eat organic
Eating organic food makes a great change as organic foods are produced without harmful fertilizers and chemicals.
4. Go vegan
Whether it is about using personal care products without animal substances or eating vegetarian food both are good for ecological balance and hence for the environment. If it is not possible to completely get out of it minimizing it as much as possible may be a great change to start with.
5. Return your scrap to a recycling company
Recycling is a great way to manage wastes. Companies and agencies are a call away to pick up wastes. These wastes are sorted as per their characteristics and then they are recycled for re-use. So hand over your unusable belongings like electronics, machinery, gadgets, furniture, etc to recycling companies instead of dumping them somewhere.
6. Avoid plastic
Plastic is one of the biggest danger to the environment as they do not decompose for years. Though biodegradable and recyclable plastic is alternatives to regular plastic it is the best idea to avoid the use of plastic to the maximum extend.
7. Avoid harmful chemicals
Harmful chemicals are not good for small creatures living in soil or water. Replacing chemicals with eco-friendly products is the best way to protect the soil and water surrounding us.
8. Plant trees wherever you can
Plants and trees are best friends of environment. Planting trees may not give you a financial return but it may return fresh air and clean water. A Greener earth makes our atmosphere cool and beautiful.
9. Buy when you really need it
Sometimes we do not think much or realize that the thing we buy may not be used. Buying isn’t a problem but not using it makes our resources get wasted without use. It’s always better not to buy rather than buying and not using it.
10. Use things till they can last
Overconsumption is the biggest concern for our environment. Many industries produce two to three times higher than what is being used by people. If people use products wisely then production may be much lower. Moreover, using products till they last can reduce the consumption level drastically. So, it is important that you think twice before charging your phone or any other gadgets frequently for fashion.
11. Re-use or recycle things for different uses
Adopting habits of recycling and re-using isn’t just for being economical but it is about being responsible towards resources and the environment. Valuing stuff that is made using natural resources, energy and human effort is a big sustainable effort.
12. Do not waste anything at all
Throwing objects or food or wasting water or natural resources like oil, petrol, electricity etc. has a negative impact on us. As per studies, about 30% of food gets wasted. Buying as we consume, consume as we need is essential to control wastages.
13. Use resources wisely
We need to understand that nobody owns the natural resources however it belongs to everyone. Most of the resources are either used by people in another form or these resources are used to make another essential product. Misusing or wasting our resources in any form has harmful causes to the environment.
- Make every drop of water count – Do not let just water flow from the tap or shower throughout your presence there. Instead, use it wisely, let every drop be used and every extra drop is saved as a reserve.
- Do not leave electric appliances on unnecessarily – Many people may have the habit of leaving appliances like AC, fan, light, TV, the laptop switched on when they are not being used. Having stressed that we may be paying for every single unit use but in reality, natural resources are priceless. We or our coming generation can never get it back with any money if these are exhausted.
- Avoid hot water for the shower – Hot water heater uses a lot of energy. Water heating systems are the second biggest user of electricity in your home. This is on average 18% of your electricity costs, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. As far as possible it’s better to use room temperature water for a shower than using hat water.
- Use air-conditioner wisely – As per Quora.com, at the moment about 10% of all global electricity consumption is wasted, but this is increasing rapidly. Air conditioners are used in public places where the number of people may be much lesser than the actual capacity but the centralized AC system requires to run at full capacity causing great loss of electricity. Similarly at many homes, either habitually or un-intentionally air conditioners are kept on for many hours without use or when the atmospheric temperature is manageable.
14. Don’t overuse personal care products
Personal care products use a lot of valuable resources. This is the reason over-using or misusing personal care products is harmful to the environment. Using personal care products wisely is the way forward to sustainable life.
15. Use green energy
Green energy is made out of natural resources without harming nature; for example, electricity produced using sunlight or wind, or water flow. Generating green energy that produces no greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels and reduces some types of air pollution is the best way towards ecological balance.
16. Avoid private vehicle for short distances
Using a private vehicle provides comfort and convenience. On the other hand, too much use of the private vehicle is causing steep incline in pollution level. Using public transport as an alternative or walking a short distance is the best way to reduce the consumption of fuel and reducing air pollution.
17. Use a bicycle wherever possible
Netherland, Denmark, Germany, Sweden, Norway are the top 5 nations with the most bicycles per capita? The least polluted country is Sweden with an overall score of 2.8/10. The amount of carbon dioxide is 3.83 tonnes per capita per year, and the concentrations of PM2. There are many factors causing air pollution however using bicycles can be a big contributor to reducing air and noise pollution.
A 2015 study by the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy concluded that a dramatic increase (about 20 percent) in cycling worldwide could “cut carbon dioxide emissions from urban passenger transport by nearly 11 percent in 2050.”
18. Use a bike instead of a car for one person
As per theguardian.com, motorcycles are less harmful to the environment in terms of resource consumption both in production terms and fuel. Cars take more passengers, but in reality, most carry one person for most of their miles.
This may sound crazy but seems logical enough; using a car by a member of the family increases the chance of using a second car by another member from the same family. Reducing the use of private cars or replacing cars with motorbikes or scooters can be better for the environment as well as the traffic.
19. Encourage family, friends, and colleagues to be sustainable
While sustainability is so important for the future, many may not be aware or may not consider its importance. Making people aware and responsible in our surroundings is a great way of spreading sustainability.
20. Support needful in the society
Sustainability is not just about the environment but is also about social and cultural balance in society. There are many segments of people in society who need valuable support to survive. Helping the needful directly or indirectly can bring harmony and balance to society.
21. Participate in events on sustainability
Learning new ways of sustainability can be possible when we are connected with people or organizations working on it. Being part of a sustainable event can provide ideas and skills to deal with sustainable challenges in our own lives as well as in our surroundings.
Hopefully, this article would motivate you to be an active part of sustainability. When you share this article with your friends, family members, or colleagues you do contribute to a sustainable lifestyle so request you to do so. Please do write your thought and ideas in the below comment section about sustainable habits and activities.